北京大学海外学者讲座计划 · 2022

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讲座题目

Intrahousehold Property Ownership and Family Members' Behaviors

家庭内房产分配影响家庭成员的行为:对2011年婚姻法司法解释三的政策评估

 

讲座简介

In this talk, Professor Emma Zang will introduce multiple studies conducted by her team, examining the impact of the 2011 judicial interpretation to the Chinese Marriage Law, which altered property rights, on family members' behaviors. Although the focus on macro-level gender inequality continues, relatively few studies have focused on intrahousehold gender inequality in China. Using data from the China Family Panel Studies, a nationally representative survey of Chinese households, these studies use a quasi-experimental strategy to compare the outcomes of members in households that were affected by the legal change with those in households that were not affected. We find that the 2011 judicial interpretation to the Marriage Law led to diminished well-being for women in a typical Chinese household where the deed to the marital home was in the husband's name only. It also reduced their contribution to household public goods, such as children/fertility and savings. In the longer term, affected couples turned to adaptive behaviors more in line with premarital agreements and traditional practices, such as transferring the family home to their children. These adaptation behaviors increased the prevalence of child homeownership, which decreased children's undesirable behaviors such as quarreling with their parents. These studies demonstrate how a seemingly gender-neutral policy can generate gendered consequences. It is therefore critical that policymakers consider the implications of intrahousehold inequality.

 

在本次讲座中,臧晓露教授将介绍她的团队针对2011年婚姻法司法解释三的多项研究。该司法解释完善了家庭内财产归属的规定,对家庭成员的行为产生重要影响。宏观层面的性别不平等研究方兴未艾,但学界对中国家庭内部性别不平等的关注却相对较少。基于中国家庭追踪调查(CFPS)数据,这一系列研究采用了准实验的实证设计,比较受到与未受到该法律变动影响的个体在多个结果变量上的差异。我们发现,2011年对《婚姻法》的司法解释导致财产仅在丈夫名下的女性主观福利产生明显下降,同时降低了女性对于家庭内部公共品(如生育和存款)的贡献。长期来看,受影响的夫妻会采取与婚前协议和传统实践更一致的适应性行动,如将家庭房产转移至其孩子名下。这些适应性行为增加子女拥有家庭住房所有权这一模式的普及程度,并会进一步减少子女的不良行为,如与父母争吵。这一系列研究呈现了一个看似性别中立的政策如何产生了具有性别偏向的后果。因此,政策制定者理应考虑家庭内部不平等这一重要的社会现象。

 

主讲人 

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臧晓露(Emma X. Zang

臧晓露(Emma X. Zang

耶鲁大学社会学系和生物统计系(兼)助理教授

杜克大学公共政策博士

主要研究领域为健康和老龄化、婚姻和家庭以及不平等,尤其关注早期生活条件如何影响成年后健康,生育和死亡的队列模式,公共政策对家庭成员健康的影响以及社会分层。研究成果发表于American Journal of Sociology, Demography, Sociological Science,  Journal of Marriage and Family等国际学术期刊,并被CNNNBCHarvard Business Review等国内外媒体引用报道。

 

评议人

 

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北京大学社会研究中心助理教授

密歇根大学社会学和公共政策博士

主要研究领域为儿童发展和不平等、亚裔美国社群、量化方法以及比较研究。研究成果发表于Social Science Research, Research in Social Stratification and Mobility等国际学术期刊。

 

主持人

范新光

澳门太阳集团城网址55助理教授、研究员

华盛顿大学社会学系博士

主要研究领域为社会不平等、人口学、社会网络和计算社会科学。

 

讲座形式:

线上+线下

 

线下:北京大学理科五号楼201

线上:腾讯会议

会议号:360-474-281

密码:675 023

 

讲座时间:2022514日上午9:30-11:30

 承办单位:澳门太阳集团城网址55

支持单位:北京大学国际合作部

 

线上参加观众应尊重澳门太阳集团城网址55及主讲人对本场活动的音像版权,请标注实名+单位,请勿录音、录屏或以任何形式在未经许可的媒介传播,侵权必究。